Greatest Black Emancipation : The Haitian Revolution (1791-1804)

26 Mar 2015 by admin in Documentary, Flicks

00:00 = Intro
01:25 = The importance of the Haitian Revolution(1791)
05:44 = Haiti’s noble heritage
07:20 = The growing importance of slave in Haiti
09:23 = Haiti : The Pearl of the Antilles
11:27 = The beginning of the Haitian Revolution
14:25 = Toussaint L’Ouverture
19:26 = The emergence of Napoleon Bonaparte
23:20 = Jean Jacques Dessalines
29:30 = Post Haitian Revolution era
32:36 = Why Haiti is Poor ?

The Haitian Revolution has often been described as the largest and most successful slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere.In 1791, taking advantage of divisions among colonial rulers created by the roiling French Revolution, slaves on the French Caribbean island colony of Saint-Domingue (today’s Haiti) rose up en masse, launching the only successful slave rebellion in recorded human history.By 1803 they had succeeded in ending not just slavery but French control over the colony.

Timeline of Haitian History :

Pre-1492: Prior to European arrival, Arawak-speaking Taíno people inhabited an island they referred to by several names, including Ayiti, or “high land.” Numbering roughly 1 million, they were organized into at least five major settlements.

1492 : Christopher Columbus landed near today’s city of Cap-Haïtien and claimed the island for Spain, naming it Hispaniola.

1503 : The first Africans were brought to Hispaniola for labor.

1625 : The French settled Tortuga Island and northwestern Hispaniola, naming their colony Saint-Domingue.

1697 : Spain signed the Treaty of Ryswick, under whose terms she ceded the western third of Hispaniola to France.

1749 : The city of Port-au-Prince was founded by Charles Burnier, Marquis of Larnage and named the capital of Saint-Domingue.

1791: Aug. 22, slave revolt begins. Tradition says it starts with a voodoo ceremony led by Dutty Boukman. He is captured and executed, but revolt spreads and plantations are torched.

1794: Feb. 4, French Assembly abolishes slavery in all its colonies, ratifying what is already reality in Saint-Domingue.

1801: Toussaint L’Ouverture defeats British and Spanish troops that invaded Santo Domingo and controls the entire island.

1 January 1804 – Haiti becomes independent,making Haiti an independent Black republic and the second nation-state in the Americas.Former slave Jean-Jacques Dessalines declares himself emperor.